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suvremene TEME / CONTEMPORARY issues  issue 1, volume 3, 2010

The New Patterns of Warfare: Terrorism against Innocent Civilians :: [>>>]
Lane, Jan-Erik
Terrorism surfaces in a most brutal manner in the global conflicts in the early 21st century. It is a question of a new form of terrorism that is different from classical terrorism by the French and Russian revolutionaries. This new form of struggle by religious fundamentalists and ethno - nationalists occurs in a band of countries from Algeria to the Philippines. It destabilizes the state and results in massive losses of lives among innocent civilians as well as injured innocents.
keywords: Heidelberg Conflict Barometers  old and new terrorism  Muslim civilization  ethno-nationalism  terrorism as rational choice  terrorism in the name of God 
Mapping International Chaos :: [>>>]
Kissane, Dylan
Mapping is inherently a subjective and exclusionary practice as the cartographer decides which elements of the world are included and which can safely be ignored. Similarly, when an international relations theorist describes a new theory it is necessary to define the elements which are essential to understanding the complexities of an international political system, explain why other elements have been excluded and justify why those decisions were made. The subjective nature of theorizing international affairs and the necessary exclusionary practices in which the theorist engages mean that the arguments supporting a new theory of international relations must be rather stronger than the arguments behind the scribbled directions one might offer a friend. This article explains why existing realist and liberal “maps” of the international system are insufficient to describe the system’s complexities and offers guidelines and a basic structure for mapping an alternative chaotic theory of international politics.
keywords: realism  liberalism  chaos  international politics  international relations theory 
Reflections on Reflexivity: Sociological Issues and Perspectives :: [>>>]
Tsekeris, Charalambos
This paper attempts to comprehensively concentrate and critically reflect upon the theoretical and methodological conception of sociological reflexivity. It thus concisely presents some relevant debates on reflexivity’s most influential sociological and epistemological definitions, as well as on its varied and complex relationship with the contentious notions of the self and spokespersonship. The conceptual elaboration on both notions emphatically highlights the crucial importance of the relational dimension over against the ubiquitous risks and dangers of subjectivism/objectivism, reification (blackboxing) and essentialism. In addition, it is described and demonstrated the particular significance of the apophatic dimension of reflexivity over against its eurocentric (or western-centric) and over-activistic (or cataphatic) dimension, which inevitably leads to an excessive analytic emphasis upon a highly ordering, instrumental, and chronically monitoring approach to the inherently dynamic and fluid processes of self-awareness, self-experience, self-definition and self-identity.
keywords: reflexivity  knowledge  sociology  epistemology  methodology  social theory  spokespersonship 
Mapuche handicrafts trading. Production of sense and socio-cultural reproduction :: [>>>]
Radovich, Juan Carlos; Rotman, Monica; Balazote, Alejandro
The aim of this article is to study the characteristics and the dynamics of different ways of trade of handicrafts used by the producers belonging to the Mapuche communities in Lacar and Huiliches Departments in the Province of Neuquen, Argentina. The trade of handicrafts is of vital importance for the inhabitants of these areas of this Patagonian province. Direct selling to tourists, sales in organized events such as fairs and meetings, the commercialization through downtown shops, and the “in situ” purchase made by different intermediaries constitute different alternatives to the commercialization made by the state agency “Artesanias Nequinas” [Handicrafts from Neuquen according to its name in Spanish]. These scenarios, in which the sale of handicrafts is developed, are linked to the reproduction of producers and contribute to set different identity expressions, constituting spaces for production of senses, both from Mapuche communities (sellers) and from the Winkas community (consumers).
keywords: handicraft production  Mapuche people  cultural reproduction. 
Univerzalizacija holokausta na primjeru hrvatske politike prošlosti i spomen-područja Jasenovac :: [>>>]
Radonić, Ljiljana
Posljednjih godina u Europi raste broj interdisciplinarnih studija o kolektivnom pamćenju, posebno u vezi s holokaustom. Ovaj članak se bavi novijim trendovima univerzalizacije i europeizacije holokausta kao negativnog mita o novoosnovanoj Europi nakon 1945. godine. Druga strana tog razvoja je njihov napet odnos prema novim postsocijalističkim naracijama u istočnoj i jugoistočnoj Europi. Te fenomene analizirati ću na hrvatskom primjeru. Nakon kratkog pregleda politike prošlosti u Hrvatskoj nakon 1990. godine članak se u drugom dijelu posvećuje ultramodernom postavu u spomen-području Jasenovac, otvorenom 2006. godine. U središtu analize stoji pitanje postoje li „europski standardi sjećanja“ te koje rezultate donosi novi fokus na individualne žrtve u memorijalnim muzejima.
keywords: politike prošlosti  univerzalizacija i europeizacija holokausta  novi postav u Jasenovcu; izjednačavanje crnog i crvenog totalitarizma 
Myths about Borders and Reconciliation Moment :: [>>>]
Gavrilović, Darko
This article deals with the relevant historical and political myths, especially myths about borders, firstly regarding the nationalistic movements within the FPRY/SFRY (including political emigration myths), and the myths and counter-myths concerning the new states created in the 1990s. Methodologically, this article emphasizes the dynamics of these myths and observes them in their continuous interaction. Thus, as opposed to the architects and engineers of these myths who see these myths as “natural” and “eternal”, as well as freed from “artificial creation”, this article places the emphasis on the artificial, or constructed, character of myths about borders and states, both Yugoslav and post-Yugoslav, as well as on their changes, dynamics and interaction. The text covers the period from World War II until the present day. Also, article is seeking for the political solution how to deal with myths and placing it in political context of apology and reconciliation in the Former Yugoslav Territories same as breaking the veil of secrecy in the Former Yugoslav Territories.
keywords: myths  borders  nationalism  communism  Yugoslavia  justice  reconciliation  cross-border cooperation 
Ljiljana Radonić: Krieg um die Erinnerung: Kroatische Vergangenheitspolitik zwischen Revisionismus und europäischen Standards :: [>>>]
Raos, Višeslav
Prikaz knjige:
Ljiljana Radonić: Krieg um die Erinnerung: Kroatische Vergangenheitspolitik zwischen Revisionismus und europäischen Standards